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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 22, Number 3
BKCSDE 22(3)
March 20, 2001 

An Adsorption Process Study on the Self-Assembled Monolayer Formation of Octadecanethiol Chemisorbed on Gold Surface
Dong Ho Kim, Jaegeun Noh, Masahiko Hara, Haiwon Lee
Self-assembly, Alkanethiol, STM, QCM.
The self-assembled formation of octadecanethiol (CH3(CH2)17SH) on a gold substrate was studied using a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). From the QCM measurements at various concentrations of octadecanethiol solutions in hexane and alcohol, the adsorption process of octadecanethiol onto Au was confirmed to consist of two steps as follows: (i) fast but disordered adsorption and (ⅱ) a thermodynamically controlled rearrangement for uniform packing of octadecanethiol. Also, it was revealed that the adsorption rate became faster in ethanol than in hexane since less solubility of octadecanethiol in ethanol could help the formation of the monolayers. At 5 ×10-7 M solution, the monolayer formation was monitored by STM. The morphology of monolayer region was initially circular (diameter size: 7.26 ± 2.1 nm) and gradually changed to a stripe type after several minutes. At higher concentration, the self-assembled monolayer was formed immediately after the solution was introduced to a substrate.
276 - 280
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