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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 23, Number 3
BKCSDE 23(3)
March 20, 2002 

Molecular Dynamics Simulation Studies of Benzene, Toluene, and p-Xylene in NpT Ensemble: Thermodynamic, Structural, and Dynamic Properties
Ja Hun Kim, Song Hi Lee
Molecular dynamics simulation, Benzene, Toluene, p-Xylene, NpT ensemble.
In this paper we have presented the results of thermodynamic, structural, and dynamic properties of model systems for liquid benzene, toluene and p-xylene in an isobaric-isothermal (NpT) ensemble at 283.15, 303.15, 323.15, and 343.15 K using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. This work is initiated to compensate for our previous canonical (NVT) ensemble MD simulations [Bull. Kor. Chem. Soc. 2001, 23, 441] for the same systems in which the calculated pressures were too low. The calculated pressures in the NpT ensemble MD simulations are close to 1 atm and the volume of each system increases with increasing temperature. The first and second peaks in the center of mass g(r) diminish gradually and the minima increase as usual for the three liquids as the temperature increases. The three peaks of the site-site gC-C(r) at 283.15 K support the perpendicular structure of nearest neighbors in liquid benzene. Two self-diffusion coefficients of liquid benzene via the Einstein equation and via the Green-Kubo relation are in excellent agreement with the experimental measures. The self-diffusion coefficients of liquid toluene and p-xylene are in accord with the trend that the self-diffusion coefficient decreases with increasing number of methyl group. The friction constants calculated from the force auto-correlation (FAC) function with the assumption that the fast random force correlation ends at time which the FAC has the first negative value give a correct qualitative trends: decrease with increase of temperature and increase with the number of methyl group. The friction constants calculated from the FAC’s are always less than those obtained from the friction-diffusion relation which reflects that the random FAC decays slower than the total FAC as described by Kubo [Rep. Prog. Phys. 1966, 29, 255].
447 - 453
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