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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 24, Number 3
BKCSDE 24(3)
March 20, 2003 

Influence of pH and Dye Concentration on the Physical Properties and Microstructure of New Coumarin 4 Doped SiO2-PDMS ORMOSIL
E. O. Oh, R. K. Gupta, N.-H. Cho, Y.-C. Yoo, W.-S. Cho, C. M. Whang
Physical properties, Microstructure, Organic dye, ORMOSIL
Physical properties and microstructure of new coumarin 4 doped SiO2-PDMS ORMOSILs, synthesized by one-step (OS, acid-catalysis) and two-step (TS, acid-base catalysis) routes of sol-gel method with varying pH (0.6 to 7) and dye content (5 ´ 10-4 to 5 ´ 10-2 mole), are reported. BET, UV-visible spectroscopy and SEM were used for characterizations. The increase in acid or base concentration increased the size of pores and aggregated silica particles. The samples with pH £ 2.5 were transparent and attributed to the small size of pores (~20 A) and silica particles. The samples with pH > 2.5 were translucent or opaque due to non-uniform pore system formed by voids and large aggregated silica particles. The surface area was found a key factor controlling the interactions between the gel matrix and the dye. The OS samples with the highest dye concentration exhibited the minimal values of pore size, surface area and silica particle size, resulting in the concentration-quenching phenomenon.
299 - 305
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