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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 24, Number 9
BKCSDE 24(9)
September 20, 2003 

The Homodimerization of Thalictrum tuberosum O-Methyltransferases by Homology-based Modelling
Heejung Yang, Joong-Hoon Ahn, Karp Joo Jeong, Sangsan Lee, Yoongho Lim
Modelling, Molecular dynamics, Homology, Methyltransferase, Thalictrum tuberosum
Two O-methyltransferases, OMTII-1 and OMTII-4 of meadow rue Thalictrum tuberosum showed a high sequence identity. Of 364 amino acids only one residue is not the same, which is Tyr21 or Cys21. Even if the 21st residues in these OMTs are not included in the binding sites of the enzymes, binding affinities of the enzyme homodimers over the same substrate are very different. While the binding affinity of one homodimer over caffeic acid is 100%, that of the other is 25%. Authors tried to predict the three-dimensional structures of Thalictrum tuberosum O-methyltransferases using homology-based modelling by a comparison with caffeic acid O-methyltransferase, and explain the reason of the phenomenon mentioned above based on their three dimensional structural studies. In the enzyme homodimer, the better binding affinity may be caused by the shorter distance between the 21st residue and the binding site of the other monomer.
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