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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 25, Number 5
BKCSDE 25(5)
May 20, 2004 

Incorporation of Titanium into H-ZSM-5 Zeolite via Chemical Vapor Deposition: Effect of Steam Treatment
Cheng-Hua Xu, Taihuan Jin, Sung Hwa Jhung, Jin-Soo Hwang*, Jong-San Chang, Fa-Li Qiu, Sang-Eon Park*
TS-1, TiCl4, Secondary synthesis, Water vapor, Styrene oxidation
Ti-ZSM-5 prepared by secondary synthesis, from the reaction of H-ZSM-5 with vapor phase TiCl4, was characterized with several physicochemical techniques including FT-IR and UV/VIS-DRS. It was found that zeolite structure, surface area and pore volume did not change, and the framework aluminum could not be replaced by titanium atom during the secondary synthesis of Ti-ZSM-5. The incorporation of titanium into the framework might be due to reaction of TiCl4 with the silanol groups associated with defects or surface sites. The formation of extra-framework titanium could not be avoided, unless the samples were further treated by water vapor at 550 oC or higher temperature. High temperature steam treatment of Ti-ZSM-5 prepared by chemical vapor deposition with TiCl4 was efficient to prevent the formation of non-framework titanium species. Ti-ZSM-5 zeolites prepared in this work contained only framework titanium species and exhibited improved catalytic property close to TS-1 prepared by hydrothermal synthesis.
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