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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 26, Number 3
BKCSDE 26(3)
March 20, 2005 

 
Title
The Synergistic Effect of Organophosphorus and Dithiocarbamate Ligands on Metal Extraction in Supercritical CO2
Author
Moonsung Koh, Kwangheon Park*, Doohyun Yang, Hakwon Kim, Hongdoo Kim*
Keywords
Supercritical, Carbon dioxide, Metal extraction, Synergistic effect, Amine
Abstract
The bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinic acid (Cyanex-272) and sodium diethyl- dithiocarbamate (NaDDC) ligands were used to extract of metal ions (Cd2+, Co2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Zn2+) in supercritical CO2. Experiments showed a strong synergistic effect and better extraction efficiency if the two ligands were used together. In-situ UV-visible observation indicates that NaDDC in the water/supercritical CO2 started to decompose slowly. The synergistic effect seems to come from the deprotonation of the organophosphorus ligand by amines from the decomposed NaDDC. The enhancing role of amines was confirmed using the mixture of Cyanex-272 and diethylamine(DEA) in the metal extraction.
Page
423 - 427
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