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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 27, Number 4
BKCSDE 27(4)
April 20, 2006 

Ab initio Study of the Complexes of Trimethyl Ether of Monodeoxycalix[4]arene with Potassium Ion: Cation-π Interactions
Hyung Dae Lee, Kwang Ho Kim, Ho Jun Lee, Sik Lee, Shinkoh Nanbu, Jong-In Choe*
Ab initio, B3LYP/6-31G, Monodeoxycalix[4]arene, Conformer, Cation-π interaction
In this study, we have performed ab initio computer simulations to investigate the conformational and complexation characteristics of the trimethyl ether of p-tert-butylmonodeoxycalix[4]arene (6) with a potassium ion. The structures of different conformers of 6 and their potassium complexes were optimized by using ab initio RHF/6-31G and B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) methods. The relative stability of the various conformers of the uncomplexed 6 is in following order: cone (most stable) > 1-partial-cone ~ 2i-partial-cone > 2-partial-cone ~ 1,3-alternate > 3i-partial-cone. However, the relative stability of the conformational complexes of 6 with K+ is in the following order: 2-partial cone ~ 1,3-alternate > cone > 3-partial cone > 1-partial cone (least stable). The highest binding strengths of 2-partial-cone and 1,3-alternate complexes originate from two strong cation-π interactions and two strong cation-oxygen interactions in the complex of 6+K+. Due to the cation-π interactions, the calculated C-C bond distances in the arenes of the K+-complexes are about 0.0048 A longer than the values of their isolated hosts.
508 - 514
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