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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 27, Number 5
BKCSDE 27(5)
May 20, 2006 

Chemical Modification of Nucleic Acids toward Functional Nucleic Acid Systems
Natarajan Venkatesan, Young Jun Seo, Eun Kyoung Bang, Sun Min Park, Yoon Suk Lee, Byeang Hyean Kim*
Nucleoside, Nucleotide, Oligonucleotide, Nucleic acid
Nucleic acids are virtually omnipresent; they exist in every living being. These macromolecules constitute the most important genetic storage material: the genes. Genes are conserved throughout the evolution of all living beings; they are transmitted from the parents to their offspring. Many interdisciplinary research groups are interested in modifying nucleic acids for use in a wider variety of applications. These modified oligonucleotides are used in many diverse fields, including diagnostics, detection, and therapeutics. In this account, we summarize our research efforts related to modified nucleic acid systems. First, we discuss our syntheses of modified oligonucleotides containing fluorescent tags for use as molecular probes (molecular beacons) to detect single-nucleotide polymorphisim (SNP) in nucleic acids and to distinguish between the B and Z forms of DNA. We also describe our research efforts into oligonucleotides functionalized with steroid derivatives to enhance their cell permeability, and the synthesis of several calix[4]arene-oligonucleotide conjugates possessing the ability to form defined triplexes. In addition, we have performed systematic studies to have an understanding about the functional groups necessary for a given nucleoside to behave as an organo or hydrogelator. The aggregation properties of a number of nucleoside-based phospholipids have been examined in different solvents; some of these derivatives are potential candidates for use as nucleoside-based liposomes. Finally, we also describe our research efforts toward the preparation of isoxazole- and isoxazoline-containing nucleoside derivatives and the determination of their antiviral activities.
613 - 630
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