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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 27, Number 5
BKCSDE 27(5)
May 20, 2006 

The Use of Phenanthraquinone Monophenyl Thiosemicarbazone for Preconcentration, Ion Flotation and Spectrometric Determination of Zinc(II) in Human Biofluids and Pharmaceutical Samples
Magda Ali Akl
Ion flotation, Preconcentration, Zn(II), Biofluids, Drugs
A rapid flotation methodology for zinc(II) separation and enrichment from human biofluids is established. At pH 6.0 and ambient temperature, using oleic acid (HOL) as a foaming reagent, zinc(II) was separated with phenanthraquinone monophenyl thiosemicarbazone (PPT) as a new flotation collector for Zn(II). The floated red colored 1 : 2 Zn(II)-PPT complex was measured spectrophotometrically at 526 nm with a molar absorptivity of 1.83 × 105 L mol L-1 cm-1. Beer's law was obeyed over a concentration range 0.05-1.0 mg L-1 in the aqueous as well as in the scum layers. The proposed preconcentration flotation methodology was applied to determine Zn(II) in human biofluids. Application was, also, extended to determine Zn(II) in pharmaceutical samples and natural water samples spiked with known amounts of Zn(II) with a preconcentration factor of 100 and a detection limit of 10 ng mL-1. The method was verified by comparison of the spectrophotometric results with flame atomic absorption spectrometric (AAS) measurements. Moreover a postulation for the mechanism of flotation is proposed.
725 - 732
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