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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 28, Number 8
BKCSDE 28(8)
August 20, 2007 

Energy Transfer Pathway in Luminescent Lanthanide Complexes Based on Dansyl-N-methylaminobenzoic Acid through Intramolecular Charge Transfer State for Near Infrared Emission
Soo-Gyun Roh, Nam Seob Baek, Yong Hee Kim*, Hwan Kyu Kim*
Luminescent lanthanide complexes, Dansyl-N-methylaminobenzoic acid, Energy transfer, Intramolecular charge transfer, Time-resolved luminescence
We have investigated the photophysical properties of dansyl-N-methylaminobenzoic acid (DABAH) as a ligand and its lanthanide (Ln3+)-cored complexes (Ln3+-(DABA)3(terpy)) in order to determine the main energy transfer pathway for sensitized near infrared emission of Ln3+ ions (Ln3+ = Nd3+ and Er3+) in Ln3+- (DABA)3(terpy). The fluorescence spectrum of DABAH shows a large Stokes shift with increasing solvent polarity. This large Stokes shift might be due to the formation of a twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) state, as demonstrated by the large dipole moment in the excited state. It is in good agreement with the result that the phosphorescence even in the Gd3+-cored complex based on the DABAH ligand was not observed, maybe due to the highly forbidden character of the S1 → T1 transition in the DABAH ligand. A short decay component (ca. 1 ns) was observed in Er3+-(DABA)3(terpy) whereas the fluorescence lifetimes of DABAH and its Gd3+-(DABA)3(terpy) are observed about ~10 ns. The short component could be originated from the energy transfer process between the ligand and the Ln3+ ion. Based on the fluorescence of DABAH its Ln3+- (DABA)3(terpy), the sensitization of Ln3+ luminescence in the Ln3+-(DABA)3(terpy) takes place by the energy transfer via the TICT state of DABAH in the excited singlet state rather than via the excited triplet state.
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