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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 28, Number 10
BKCSDE 28(10)
October 20, 2007 

Kinetics and Mechanism of the Addition of Anilines to β-Nitrostilbenes in Acetonitrile
Dae Dong Sung*, Sang Soo Kang, Jong Pal Lee, Dae Il Jung, Zoon Ha Ryu, Ikchoon Lee
β-Nitrostilbene, Addition reaction, Cross-interaction constant, Hydrogen-bonded TS, TS imbalance
Addition reactions of anilines (XC6H4NH2) to β-nitrostilbene (YC6H4CH=C(NO2)C6H4Y') have been investigated in acetonitrile at 30.0 oC. The magnitude of βX values (=0.11-0.34) indicates relatively earlier transition state for additions with anilines than with benzylamines. The signs of ρY and ρY' are positive with Δρ = ρYY' = 0.04, demonstrating a TS imbalance with a negative charge development on the Cβ in the TS. The signs of cross-interaction constants ρXY (<0), ρXY' (<0) and ρYY' (>0) are consistent with bond forming and breaking processes. The relatively weak normal kinetic isotope effects involving deutarated nucleophiles, kH/kD>1, suggest an early, hydrogen-bonded, 4-member cyclic TS.
1670 - 1674
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