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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 30, Number 7
BKCSDE 30(7)
July 20, 2009 

 
Title
Kinetic Studies on the Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction of 4-X-Substituted-2,6-dinitrochlorobenzene with Pyridines in MeOH-MeCN Mixtures
Author
Ryun Youn Sung, Hojune Choi, Jong Pal Lee*, Jong Keun Park, Kiyull Yang, In Sun Koo*
Keywords
Hydrogen bond, SNAr-Ad.E mechanism, Cross-interaction constants, Isodielectric solvents, Isokinetic solvent mixtures
Abstract
The reaction rates of 4-X-2,6-dinitrochlorobenzenes (X = NO2, CN, CF3) with Y-substituted pyridines (Y = 3-OCH3, H, 3-CH3, 4-CH3) in methanol-acetonitrile mixtures were measured by conductometry at 25 oC. It was observed that the rate constant increased in the order of X = 4-NO2 > 4-CN > 4-CF3 and the rate constant also increased in the order of Y = 4-CH3 > 3-CH3 > H > 3-OCH3. When the solvent composition was varied, the rate constant increased in order of MeCN > 50% MeOH > MeOH. The electrophilic catalysis by methanol may be ascribed to the formation of hydrogen bonds between alcoholic hydrogen and nitrogen of pyridines in ground state. Based on the transition parameters, ρS, ρN, βY, ρXY and solvent effects, the reaction seems to proceed via SNAr-Ad.E mechanism. We also estimated the isokinetic solvent mixtures (ρXY = 0) based on cross-interaction constants, where the substituent effects of the substrate and nucleophile are compensated.
Page
1579 - 1582
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