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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 30, Number 10
BKCSDE 30(10)
October 20, 2009 

Process Optimization for Preparing High Performance PAN-based Carbon Fibers
Jeong Hyeon Yun, Bo Hye Kim, Kap Seung Yang*, Yun Hyuk Bang, Sung Ryong Kim, Hee Gweon Woo
Carbon fiber, Stabilization, Carbonization, Tension, Tensile strength
Optimum process conditions were investigated for maximizing the mechanical properties of the carbon fiber by from wet spun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber precursors. The process variables chosen were treatment temperature, applied tension in stabilization process. The temperature profile of the stabilization was set on the basis of exothermic peaks of the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) result. Both tensile strength and modulus increased with holding at onset temperatures of the exothermic peaks for extended duration, and with a higher heating rate up to the onset temperatures at a given applied tension among the experimental conditions. The increase in load monotonously increased the tensile modulus, on the other hand, the tensile strength was maximum at the load of 15 mg/filament (T15). The load 20 mg/ filament (T20) was considered to be exceeded to form oriented crystalline structure, possibly introducing more defects in the fiber than under load of T15. The sample CP3-T15 O5 H30 showed the best tensile properties among the samples experimented whose tensile properties are compatible with the commercialized grade of general purpose carbon fibers even at low carbonization temperature such as 800 oC (the carbonization temperature in the commercial process. 1300∼1500 oC).
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