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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 31, Number 2
BKCSDE 31(2)
February 20, 2010 

Enhanced Electrochemical Properties of Surface Modified LiMn2O4
by Li-Fe Composites for Rechargeable Lithium Ion Batteries
Jin Yi Shi, Cheol Woo Yi*, Lianhua Liang, Keon Kim*
Lithium manganese oxide, Surface modification, Solid solution, Spinel, Lithium ion batteries
The surface modified LiMn2O4 materials with Li-Fe composites were prepared by a sol-gel method to improve the electrochemical performance of LiMn2O4 and were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)-EDS. XRD results indicate that all the samples (modified and pristine samples) have cubic spinel structures, and XRD, XPS, and TEM-EDS data reveal the formation of Li(LixFexMn2-2x)O4 solid solution on the surface of particles. For the electrochemical properties, the modified material demonstrated dramatically enhanced reversibility and stability even at elevated temperature. These improvements are attributed to the formation of the solid solution, and thus-formed solid solution phase on the surface of LiMn2O4 particle reduces the dissolution of Mn ion and suppresses the Jahn-Teller effect.
309 - 314
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