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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 31, Number 8
BKCSDE 31(8)
August 20, 2010 

Tuning Photophysical and Electrochemical Properties of Heteroleptic Cationic Iridium(III) Complexes Containing Substituted 2-Phenylquinoxaline and Biimidazole
Nallathambi Sengottuvelan, Hoe Joo Seo, Sung Kwon Kang, Young Inn Kim*
Cationic iridium(III) complex, Luminescence, Red phosphorescence, Color tuning, Electrochemistry
Design and syntheses of four red phosphorescent heteroleptic cationic iridium(III) complexes containing two substituted phenylquinoxaline (pqx) or benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-pyridin (btp) main ligands and one 2,2'-biimidazole (H2biim) ancillary ligand are reported: [(pqx)2Ir(biim)]Cl (1), [(dmpqx)2Ir(biim)]Cl (2), [(dfpqx)2Ir(biim)]Cl (3), [(btp)2Ir(biim)]Cl (4). Complex 1 showed a distorted octahedral geometry around the iridium(III) metal ion with cis metallated carbons and trans nitrogen atoms. The absorption, emission and electrochemical properties were systematically evaluated. The complexes exhibited red phosphorescence in the spectral range of 580 to 620 nm with high quantum efficiencies of 0.58 - 0.78 in both solution and solid-state at room temperature depending on the cyclometalated main ligands. The cyclic voltammetry of the complexes (1-3) showed a metal-centered irreversible oxidation in the range of 1.40 to 1.90 V as well as two quasi reversible reduction waves from -1.15 to -1.45 V attributed to the sequential addition of two electrons to the more electron accepting heterocyclic portion of two distinctive cyclometalated main ligands, whereas complex 4 showed a reversible oxidation potential at 1.24 V and irreversible reduction waves at -1.80 V.
2309 - 2314
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