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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 32, Number 3
BKCSDE 32(3)
March 20, 2011 

 
Title
Sensitive Determination of Natural and Synthetic Steroidal Hormones of a Free and Conjugated Form in Surface Water by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Author
Ho Sang Shin*, Jin Aa Oh, Sun Kyoung Shin
Keywords
GC-MS, Acidic hydrolysis, Natural and synthetic steroidal hormones, Water
Abstract
A method based on the TMS derivatives and acidic hydrolysis was developed for the simultaneous determination of free and conjugated steroidal hormones in surface water. A silylation of five natural and two synthetic steroidal hormones was achieved with N-methyl-N-(trimethylsilyl) trifluoroacetamide/NH4I (1000:3) under catalysis of dithioerythritol for 60 min at 80 oC. TMS derivatives of the steroid hormones containing multifunctional groups offer a single derivative product under this condition. The accuracy of the analytes was in the range of 87 to 110% at a concentration of 20 and 50 ng/L with relative standard deviations of less than 10%. The method detection limit was in the range of 0.01 to 0.02 ng/L for surface water. Natural steroidal hormones were detected in a concentration range of 0 to 1.03 ng/L in free form and 0 to 14.6 ng/L in conjugated form, respectively. We found that most of the natural hormonal steroids exist in conjugate forms (43 to 100%) in river water.
Page
809 - 814
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