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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 32, Number 6
BKCSDE 32(6)
June 20, 2011 

Kinetics and Mechanism of the Anilinolysis of Bis(aryl) Chlorophosphates in Acetonitrile
Hasi Rani Barai, Hai Whang Lee *
Phosphoryl transfer reaction, Anilinolysis, Bis(aryl) chlorophosphates, Deuterium kinetic isotope effects, Cross-interaction constant
The nucleophilic substitution reactions of bis(Y-aryl) chlorophosphates (1) with substituted anilines and deuterated anilines are investigated kinetically in acetonitrile at 35.0 oC. The kinetic results of 1 are compared with those of Y-aryl phenyl chlorophosphates (2). The substrate 1 has one more identical substituent Y compared to substrate 2. The cross-interaction between Y and Y, due to additional substituent Y, is significant enough to result in the change of the sign of cross-interaction constant (CIC) from negative ρXY = –1.31 (2) to positive ρXY = +1.91 (1), indicating the change of reaction mechanism from a concerted SN2 (2) to a stepwise mechanism with a rate-limiting leaving group departure from the intermediate (1). The deuterium kinetic isotope effects (DKIEs) involving deuterated anilines (XC6H4ND2) show secondary inverse, kH/kD = 0.61-0.87. The DKIEs invariably increase as substituent X changes from electron-donating to electron-withdrawing, while invariably decrease as substituent Y changes from electron-donating to electron-withdrawing. A stepwise mechanism with a rate-limiting bond breaking involving a predominant backside attack is proposed on the basis of positive sign of ρXY and secondary inverse DKIEs.
1939 - 1944
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