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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 32, Number 6
BKCSDE 32(6)
June 20, 2011 

 
Title
Convection Effects on PGSE-NMR Self-Diffusion Measurements at Low Temperature: Investigation into Sources of Induced Convective Flows
Author
Kee-Choo Chung, Hyo-Yeon Yu, Sangdoo Ahn *
Keywords
NMR, Diffusion, Convection, Capillary tube, Shigemi tube
Abstract
The effects of convection on the measurement of the diffusion coefficients of liquids by the pulsed gradient spin echo (PGSE) NMR method at low temperature are discussed. To examine the generation of convective flows, we used four different types of sample tubes in the diffusion measurements with temperature variation; a normal 5 mm NMR tube, a Shigemi tube, an ELISE type tube, and a capillary tube. Below room temperature, the calculated diffusion coefficients of chloroform in 5 mm o.d. type tubes increased with decreasing temperature, while those in the capillary tube decreased linearly. The convective flow was found to be significant even at low temperature and it seemed to be mainly induced by the transverse temperature gradient. It was also found that the capillary tube was most appropriate to measure the diffusion coefficients, since its small diameter is effective in suppressing the convective flows at both high and low temperatures.
Page
1970 - 1974
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