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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 32, Number 9
BKCSDE 32(9)
September 20, 2011 

Spectroscopic and Morphological Investigation of Copper Oxide Thin Films Prepared by Magnetron Sputtering at Various Oxygen Ratios
Juyun Park, Kyounga Lim, Rex D. Ramsier, Yong-Cheol Kang*
Copper oxide, XPS, RF magnetron sputtering
Copper oxide thin films were synthesized by reactive radio frequency magnetron sputtering at different oxygen gas ratios. The chemical and physical properties of the thin films were investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). XPS results revealed that the dominant oxidation states of Cu were Cu0 and Cu+ at 0% oxygen ratio. When the oxygen ratios increased above 5%, Cu was oxidized as CuO as detected by X-ray induced Auger electron spectroscopy and the Cu(OH)2 phase was confirmed independent of the oxygen ratio. The valence band maxima were 1.19 ± 0.09 eV and an increase in the density of states was confirmed after formation of CuO. The thickness and roughness of copper oxide thin films decreased with increasing oxygen ratio. The crystallinity of the copper oxide films changed from cubic Cu through cubic Cu2O to monoclinic CuO with mean crystallite sizes of 8.8 nm (Cu) and 16.9 nm (CuO) at the 10% oxygen ratio level.
3395 - 3399
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