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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 1
BKCSDE 33(1)
January 20, 2012 

Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity of the [Fe4S4(SR)4]2− (R = 2-, 3-, and 4-Pyridinemethane) Clusters
Yujin Kim, Jaehong Han *
Electrochemistry, Fe/S cluster, Site-differentiated, Synthesis, X-ray structure
The [Fe4S4]2+ clusters with 2-, 3-, and 4-pyridinemethanethiolate (S2-Pic, S3-Pic, and S4-Pic, respectively) terminal ligands have been synthesized from the ligand substitution reaction of the (nBu4N)2[Fe4S4Cl4] (I) cluster. The new (nBu4N)2[Fe4S4(SR)4] (R = 2-Pic; II, 3-Pic; III, 4-Pic; IV) clusters were characterized by FTIR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Cluster II was crystallized in the monoclinic space group C2/c with a = 24.530 (5) Å, b = 24.636(4) Å, c = 21.762(4) Å, β = 103.253(3)o, and Z = 8. The X-ray structure of II showed two unique 2:2 site-differentiated [Fe4S4]2+ clusters due to the bidentate-mode coordination by 2-pyridinemethanethiolate ligands. Cluster III was crystallized in the same monoclinic space group C2/c with a = 26.0740(18) Å, b = 23.3195(16) Å, c = 22.3720(15) Å, β = 100.467(2)o, and Z = 8. The 3-pyridinemethanethiolate ligand of III was coordinated to the [Fe4S4]2+ core as a terminal mode. Cluster IV with 4-pyridinemethanethiolate ligands was found to have a similar structure to the cluster III. Fully reversible [Fe4S4]2+/[Fe4S4]+ redox waves were observed from all three clusters by cyclic voltammetry measurement. The electrochemical potentials for the [Fe4S4]2+/[Fe4S4]+ transition decreased in the order of II, III and IV, and the reduction potential changes by the ligands were explained based on the structural differences among the complexes. The complex III was reacted with sulfonium salt of [PhMeSCH2-p-C6H4CN](BF4) in MeCN to test possible radical-involving reaction as a functional model of the [Fe4S4]-SAM (S-adenosylmethionine) cofactor. However, the isolated reaction products of 3-pyridinemethanethiolate-p-cyanobenzylsulfide and thioanisole suggested that the reaction followed an ionic mechanism and the products formed from the terminal ligand attack to the sulfonium.
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