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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 2
BKCSDE 33(2)
February 20, 2012 

 
Title
Interfacial Natures and Controlling Morphology of Co Oxide Nanocrystal Structures by Adding Spectator Ni Ions
Author
Jin Seog Gwag, Youngku Sohn*
Keywords
Co oxide nanostructure, Electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy
Abstract
Cobalt oxide nanostructure materials have been prepared by adding several concentrations of spectator Ni ions in solution, and analyzed by electron microscopy, X-day diffraction, calorimetry/thermogravimetric analysis, UV-vis absorption, Raman, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The electron microscopy results show that the morphology of the nanostructures is dramatically altered by changing the concentration of spectator ions. The bulk XRD patterns of 350 ºC-annealed samples indicate that the structure of the cobalt oxide is all of cubic Fd-3m Co3O4, and show that the major XRD peaks shift slightly with the concentration of Ni ions. In Raman spectroscopy, we can confirm the XRD data through a more obvious change in peak position, broadness, and intensity. For the un-sputtered samples in the XPS measurement process, the XPS peaks of Co 2p and O 1s for the samples prepared without Ni ions exhibit higher binding energies than those for the sample prepared with Ni ions. Upon Ar+ ion sputtering, we found Co3O4 reduces to CoO, on the basis of XPS data. Our study could be further applied to controlling morphology and surface oxidation state.
Page
505 - 510
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