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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 5
BKCSDE 33(5)
May 20, 2012 

 
Title
Solvent Free N-Heterocyclization of Primary Amines to N-Substituted Azacyclopentanes Using Hydrotalcite as Solid Base Catalyst
Author
Manish Dixit, Manish Mishra,* P. A. Joshi, D. O. Shah
Keywords
N-Substituted azacycloalkanes, N-Heterocyclization, Amines, Solid base, Hydrotalcite
Abstract
An ecofriendly catalytic route for selective synthesis of N-substituted azacyclopentanes, nitrogen-containing heterocyclic intermediates for many bioactive compounds, was established by carrying out N-heterocyclization (di N-alkylation) of primary amines with 1,4-dichloro butane (as dialkylating agent) using catalytic amount of hydrotalcite as solid base catalyst. The hydrotalcite was found to be efficient solid base catalyst for di Nalkylation of different primary amines (aniline, benzyl amine, cyclohexyl amine and n-butyl amine) giving 82 to 96% conversion (at optimized reaction condition) of 1,4-dichloro butane and > 99% selectivity of respective N-substituted azacyclopentanes within 30 min. under solvent free condition. The reaction parameters significantly influence the conversion of 1,4-dichloro butane to N-substituted azacyclopentanes. The nature of substituent present on amino group affects the reactivity of amine substrates for di N-alkylation reaction with 1,4-dichloro butane. The 1,4-dichloro butane was found to be highly reactive alkylating agent for di Nalkylation of amines as compared to 1,4-dihydroxy butane. The reusability of the catalyst and its chemical stability in the reaction was demonstrated.
Page
1457 - 1464
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