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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 11
BKCSDE 33(11)
November 20, 2012 

Rate and Product Studies of 1-Adamantylmethyl Haloformates Under Solvolytic Conditions
Kyoung-Ho Park, Yelin Lee, Yong-Woo Lee, Jin Burm Kyong*, Dennis N. Kevill
1-Adamantylmethyl haloformates, Grunwald-Winstein equation, Leaving group effect, Solvent isotope effect
Reactions of 1-adamantylmethyl chloroformate (1-AdCH2OCOCl, 1) and 1-adamantylmethyl fluoroformate (1-AdCH2OCOF, 2) in hydroxylic solvents have been studied. Application of the extended Grunwald-Winstein (G-W) equation to solvolyses of 1 in a variety of pure and binary solvents indicates an addition-elimination pathway in the majority of the solvents except an ionization pathway in the solvents of relatively low nucleophilcity and high ionizing power. The solvolyses of 2 show an addition-elimination pathway in all of the mixed solvents. The leaving group effects (kF/kCl), the kinetic solvent isotope effects (KSIEs, kMeOH/kMeOD), and the enthalpy and entropy of activation for the solvolyses of 1 and 2 were also calculated. The selectivity values (S) for each solvent composition are reported and discussed. These observations are compared with those previously reported for other alkyl haloformate esters.
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