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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 1
BKCSDE 34(1)
January 20, 2013 

Aggregation of Laser-Generated Gold Nanoparticles Mediated by Formalin
Md. Alauddin, Kuk Ki Kim, Madhusudan Roy, Jae Kyu Song, Myung Soo Kim, Seung Min Park*
Gold nanoparticles, Formalin, Aggregation, Raman spectroscopy, Surface plasmon resonance
We have investigated the effects of formalin on the assembly of colloidal gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) prepared by laser ablation of a solid gold target in deionized water. Upon addition of formalin, the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band at 519 nm for pure AuNPs decreases and shifts to red while a new broad SPR band appears at ~700 nm. The red-shift is prominent with increase in the incubation time. The average size of the initial AuNPs is around 12 nm but it increases to 23 nm after addition of formalin. It turns out that formalin acts as a cationic surfactant for AuNPs with negative surface charge in the colloidal solutions. Furthermore, through analysis of the Raman spectrum of formalin and the density functional theory calculations, we confirm that methanediol is the main species in formalin which is in charge of the aggregation of AuNPs.
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