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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 2
BKCSDE 34(2)
February 20, 2013 

Computational Study on the Dependence of Electronic Transition Energies of Porphin, Chlorin, Mg-Chlorin and Chlorophyll a on an External Charge
Jang Sook Kwon, Mino Yang*
Charge dependence, Electronic transition, Chlorophyll a, DFT, Disorder
In phtosynthetic light harvesting complexes, the electronic transition energies of chlorophylls are influenced by the Coulombic interaction with nearby molecules. Variation of the interactions caused by structural inhomogeneity in biological environment results in a distribution of disordered electronic transition energies of chlorophylls. In order to provide a practical guide to predict qualitative tendency of such distribution, we model four porphyrin derivatives including chlorophyll a molecule interacting with an external positive charge and calculate their transition energies using the time dependent density functional method. It is found that π-π* transition energies of the molecules are generally blue-shifted by the charge because this stabilizes occupied molecular orbitals to a greater extent than unoccupied ones. Furthermore, new transitions in the visible region emerge as a result of the red-shift in energy of an unoccupied Mg orbital and it is suggested that light-induced electron transfer may occur from the tetrapyrrole ring to the central magnesium when the molecules are interacting with a positive charge.
453 - 459
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