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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 2
BKCSDE 34(2)
February 20, 2013 

Development of a Single Chain Antibody Using a Phage Display Cloning Method for the Detection of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene
Jung-Hyun Na, Man-Seok Joo, Won-Kyu Lee, Hyunbo Shim, Si-Hyung Lim, Sang Taek Jung, Yeon Gyu Yu*
DNT, Sensor, Single chain antibody, Biopanning, Phage display
Single-chain variable fragments of antibodies (scFv) specific to 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT) were isolated from a phage library displaying synthetic human scFv fragments with 6 diversified complementary determining regions (CDRs). A DNT derivative that contained an extended amine group was synthesized and conjugated to the NHS-group that was linked to magnetic beads. Phages specific to the immobilized DNT derivatives were isolated from the library after 4 rounds of sequential binding and elution processes. The displayed scFv fragments from the isolated phages showed consensus CDR sequences. One DNT-specific scFv was expressed in E. coli and purified using Ni-affinity chromatography. The purified DNT-specific scFv binds specifically to the immobilized DNT-derivative with KD value of 6.0 × 10−7 M. The scFv and DNT interaction was not disrupted by the addition of 4-nitrotoluene or benzoic acid. These data demonstrate that the screened scFv from the phage displayed library could be used for selective and sensitive detection of explosives such as TNT.
460 - 464
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