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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 2
BKCSDE 34(2)
February 20, 2013 

A Novel Synthetic Method for Bepotastine, a Histamine H1 Receptor Antagonist
Tae Hee Ha*, Kwee-Hyun Suh, Gwan Sun Lee
Bepotastine, Histamine H1 receptor antagonist, Diastereomeric salt, Resolving agent
An efficient and alternative synthesis of enantiomerically pure (+)-(S)-4-(4-((4-chlorophenyl)(pyrid-2- yl)methoxy]piperidin-1-yl)butanoic acid, bepotastine (1) is described. The key resolution of (R/S)-bepotastine l-menthyl ester (3) is achived via diastereomeric salt crystallization using N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-aspartic acid (NCbzLAA) as the resolving agent to provide (S)-bepotastine l-menthyl ester (S)-3. Hydrolysis of (S)- bepotastine l-menthyl ester (S)-3 afforded the desired bepotastine (1) with good yields and enantiopurity (> 99%). Finally, bepotastine besilate (4) and bepotastine calcium (5) are achived by salt formation of bepotastine (1) with benzene sulfonic acid and calcium salt respectively. The reaction conditions were optimized to make suitable for commercial scale production.
549 - 552
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