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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 5
BKCSDE 34(5)
May 20, 2013 

Template-Assisted Electrochemical Growth of Hydrous Ruthenium Oxide Nanotubes
Sanghyun Cho, Lichun Liu, Sang-Hoon Yoo, Ho-Young Jang, Sungho Park*
Ruthenium oxide, Nanotube, Electrodeposition, Linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), Ionic diffusion
We demonstrate that ruthenium oxide (RuO2) nanotubes with controlled dimensions can be synthesized using facile electrochemical means and anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates. RuO2 nanotubes were formed using a cyclic voltammetric deposition technique and an aqueous plating solution composed of RuCl3. Linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) was used to determine the effective electrochemical oxidation potential of Ru3+ to RuO2. The length and wall thickness of RuO2 nanotubes can be adjusted by varying the range and cycles of the electrochemical cyclic voltammetric potentials. Thick-walled RuO2 nanotubes were obtained using a wide electrochemical potential range (−0.2~1 V). In contrast, an electrochemical deposition potential range from 0.8 to 1 V produced thin-walled and longer RuO2 nanotubes in an identical number of cycles. The dependence of wall thickness and length of RuO2 nanotubes on the range of cyclic voltammetric electrochemical potentials was attributed to the distinct ionic diffusion times. This significantly improves the ratio of surface area to mass of materials synthesized using AAO templates. Furthermore, this study is directive to the controlled synthesis of other metal oxide nanotubes using a similar strategy.
1462 - 1466
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