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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 5
BKCSDE 34(5)
May 20, 2013 

 
Title
Development of Thiourea-Formaldehyde Crosslinked Chitosan Membrane Networks for Separation of Cu (II) and Ni (II) Ions
Author
T. J. Sudhavani, N. Sivagangi Reddy, K. Madhusudana Rao, K. S. V. Krishna Rao*, Jayshree Ramkumar, A. V. R. Reddy
Keywords
Biodegradable, Chitosan, Membrane, Crosslinker, Toxic metal ions
Abstract
Novel chitosan (CS) based membrane networks were developed by solution casting and followed by crosslinking with different crosslinkers such as glutaraldehyde, urea-formaldehyde, and thiourea-formaldehyde. The developed membrane networks were designated as CS-GA, CS-UF and CS-TF. Crosslinking reaction of CS membranes was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Membrane rigidity and compactness were studied by the differential scanning calorimetry. The surface morphology of CS membranes was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The sorption behaviour with respect to contact time, initial pH and initial metal ion concentration were investigated. The maximum adsorption capacity of CS-GA, CS-UF and CS-TF sorbents was found to be 1.03, 1.2 and 1.18 mM/g for Cu2+ and 1.48, 1.55 and 2.18 mM/g for Ni2+ respectively. Swelling experiments have been performed on the membrane networks at 30 oC. Desorption studies were performed in acid media and EDTA and it was found that the membranes are reusable for the metal ion removal for three cycles. The developed membranes could be successfully used for the separation of Cu2+ and Ni2+ metal ions from aqueous solutions.
Page
1513 - 1520
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