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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 7
BKCSDE 34(7)
July 20, 2013 

 
Title
Preparation of 27Ni6Zr4O143M(M=Mg, Ca, Sr, or Ba)O/70 Zeolite Y Catalysts and Hydrogen-rich Gas Production by Ethanol Steam Reforming
Author
Dongjin Kim, Jun Su Lee, Gayoung Lee, Byung-Hyun Choi, Mi-Jung Ji, Sun-Min Park, Misook Kang*
Keywords
Hydrogen production, Ethanol steam reforming, Ni6Zr4O14/Zeolite Y, Alkaline-earth (IIA) metal oxides, Acidity
Abstract
In this study the effects of adding alkaline-earth (IIA) metal oxides to NiZr-loaded Zeolite Y catalysts were investigated on hydrogen rich production by ethanol steam reforming (ESR). Four kinds of alkaline-earth metal (Mg, Ca, Sr, or Ba) oxides of 3.0% by weight were loaded between the Ni6Zr4O14 main catalytic species and the microporous Zeolite Y support. The characterizations of these catalysts were examined by XRD, TEM, H2- TPR, NH3-TPD, and XPS. Catalytic performances during ESR were found to depend on the basicity of the added alkaline-earth metal oxides and H2 production and ethanol conversion were maximized to 82% and 98% respectively in 27(Ni6Zr4O14)3MgO/70Zeolite Y catalyst at 600 oC. Many carbon deposits and carbon nano fibers were seen on the surface of 30Ni6Zr4O14/70Zeolite Y catalyst but lesser amounts were observed on alkaline-earth metal oxide-loaded 27(Ni6Zr4O14)3MO/70Zeolite Y catalysts in TEM photos after ESR. This study demonstrates that hydrogen yields from ESR are closely related to the acidities of catalysts and that alkaline-earth metal oxides reduce the acidities of 27(Ni6Zr4O14)3MO/70Zeolite Y catalysts and promote hydrogen evolution by preventing progression to hydrocarbons.
Page
2073 - 2080
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