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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 35, Number 8
BKCSDE 35(8)
August 20, 2014 

 
Title
Steroids from the Cold Water Starfish Ctenodiscus crispatus with Cytotoxic and Apoptotic Effects on Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Glioblastoma Cells
Author
Tran Hong Quang, Dong-Sung Lee, Se Jong Han, Il Chan Kim, Joung Han Yim, Youn-Chul Kim*, Hyuncheol Oh*
Keywords
Starfish, Steroids, Ctenodiscus crispatus, Anti-proliferation, Apoptosis
Abstract
Chemical investigation on the methanol extract of the starfish Ctenodiscus crispatus resulted in the isolation of five steroids, (22E,24ξ)-26,27-bisnor-24-methyl-5α-cholest-22-en-3β,5,6β,15α,25-pentol 25-O-sulfate (1), (22E,24R,25R)-24-methyl-5α-cholest-22-en-3β,5,6β,15α,25,26-hexol 26-O-sulfate (2), (28R)-24-ethyl-5α- cholesta-3β,5,6β,8,15α,28,29-heptaol-24-sulfate (3), (25S)-5α-cholestane-3β,5,6β,15α,16β,26-hexaol (4), and Δ7-sitosterol (5). Their structures were identified by extensive spectroscopic analyses, including 1D, 2D NMR and MS and chemical methods. Compound 4 showed cytotoxicity against human hepatoma HepG2 and glioblastoma U87MG cells via inhibition of cell growth and induction of apoptosis. Induction of apoptosis by 4 was demonstrated by cell death, DNA fragmentation, increased Bax/Bcl-2 protein ratio and the activation of caspase-3, caspase-9 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP).
Page
2335 - 2341
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