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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 17, Number 2
BKCSDE 17(2)
February 20, 1996 

The Structure and Ab Initio Studies of Thiourea Dioxide
Jin Soo Song, Eun Hee Kim, Sung Kwon Kang, Sock Sung Yun, Il-Hwan Suh, Sung-San Choi, Samkeun Lee, William P. Jensen
The crystal and molecular structure of thiourea dioxide, (NH2)2CSO2, was determined by x-ray single crystal diffraction techniques. Lattice constants are a=10.669(2), b=10.119(2), and c=3.9151(5) Å with the space group Pnma and Z=4. The thiourea portion of the molecule has a planar conformation. When the two oxygen atoms are included, the sulfur atom is at the apex of a trigonal pyramid formed with the two oxygen atoms and the carbon atom as the base. The crystal structure is stabilized by strong intermolecular hydrogen bonds. Ab initio calculations were performed to investigate the bonding features and reactivity of thiourea dioxide. The calculated bond order of S-C is only 0.481. The hydrogen bond energy was computed to be 22.3 kcal/mol for dimer. MEP analysis reveals that the sites on nucleophilic reactions are S and C atoms.
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