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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 17, Number 4
BKCSDE 17(4)
April 20, 1996 

 
Title
Factors Influencing S-O Bond and C-O Bond Cleavages in the Reactions of 2,4-Dinitrophenyl X-Substituted Benzenesulfonates with Various Nucleophilic Reagents
Author
Ik-Hwan Um*, Jung-Joo Kim, Myung-Jin Kim, Dong-Sook Kwon
Keywords
Abstract
Second-order rate constants have been measured spectrophotometrically for the reaction of 2,4-dinitrophenyl X-substituted benzenesulfonates with Z-substituted phenoxides in absolute ethanol at 25.0±0.1 ℃. The nucleophilic substitution reaction gives both S-O bond and C-O bond cleavage products. The extent of S-O bond cleavage increases significantly with increasing electron withdrawing ability of the sulfonyl substitutent X, while that of the C-O bond cleavage is independent on the electronic effect of the substituent. On the contratry, the effect of the substituent Z in the nucleophilic phenoxide is more significant for the C-O bond cleavage than for the S-O bond cleavage. Aminolyses of 2,4-dinitrophenyl benzenesulfonate (1) with various 1°, 2° and 3°amines have revealed that steric effect is little important. The extent of S-O bond cleavage increases with increasing the basicity of the amines, but decreases with increasing the basicity of the nucleophilic aryloxides, indicating that the HSAB principle is not always operative. Besides, reactant and solvent polarizability effect has also been found to be an important factor in some cases but not always to influence the reaction site.
Page
353 - 357
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