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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 18, Number 5
BKCSDE 18(5)
May 20, 1997 

 
Title
A Kinetic Study for the Reaction of 2,4-Dinitrophenyl Benzoate with Secondary Cyclic Amines
Author
Ik-Hwan Um, Myung-Jin Kim, Ji-Sook Min, Dong-Sook Kwon
Keywords
Abstract
Apparent second-order rate constants (kapp) have been measured spectrophotometrically for the reaction of 2,4-dinitrophenyl benzoate (DNPB) with 6 secondary cyclic amines in H2O containing 20 mole% DMSO at 25.0±0.1 ℃. The Bronsted-type plot (log kapp vs. pKa) shows a break at pKa near 9.1, e.g. two straight lines with βapp values of 0.67 and 0.44 for the low basic (pKa < 9.1) and the highly basic (pKa > 9.1) amines, respectively. Using an estimated k2 value of 3×109 sec-1, all the other microconstants (k1, k-1 and K) involved in the present aminolysis have been calculated. The k value decreases with increasing the basicity of amines while k1 and K values increase with increasing the amine basicity, as expected. Good linear Bronsted-type plots have been obtained for these microconstants of the present aminolysis of DNPB. The magnitudes of the slope of the Bronsted-type plots, k1 and k-1 have been calculated to be 0.43 and - 0.24, respectively, indicating the k-1 step is about two folds less sensitive than the k1 step to the amine basicity. The K value has been calculated to be 0.66, which appears to be much smaller than the one for other aminolyses showing general base catalysis. The small K value has been attributed to the absence of general base catalysis in the present aminolysis of DNPB.
Page
523 - 527
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