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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 18, Number 9
BKCSDE 18(9)
September 20, 1997 

Interaction of Mastoparan B and Its Ala-Substituted Analogs with Phospholipid Bilayers
Nam Gyu Park, Jung-Kil Seo, Hee-Jung Ku, Seung-Ho Kim*, Sannamu Lee, Gohsuke Sugihara, Kwang-Ho Kim, Jang-Su Park, Shin-Won Kang
The interaction of mastoparan B, a tetradecapeptide toxin found in the hornet Vespa basalis, with phospholipid bilayers was investigated. Synthetic mastoparan B and its analogs, obtained by substituting one hydrophilic amino acid (2-Lys, 4-Lys, 5-Ser, 8-Ser, 11-Lys, or 12-Lys) in mastoparan B with Ala, were studied. Mastoparan B and its analogs were synthesized by the solid-phase method. As shown by circular dichroism spectra, mastoparan B and its analogs adopted an unordered structure in buffer solution. All peptides took an α-helical structure, and the α-helical content of its analogs increased in the presence of neutral and acidic liposomes as compared to that of mastoparan B. In the calcein leakage experiment, we observed that mastoparan B interacted more weakly with lipid bilayers in neutral and acidic media than its analogs. Mastoparan B also showed slightly lower antimicrobial activity and hemolytic activity towards human erythrocytes than its analogs. These results indicate that the greater hydrophobicity of the amphiphilic α-helix of mastoparan B by replacement with alamine residues results in the increased biological activity and helical content.
933 - 938
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