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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 19, Number 2
BKCSDE 19(2)
February 20, 1998 

 
Title
Blowout of Rubber Vulcanizates: Influences of Cure Systems, Content of Carbon Black, and Organic Additives
Author
Sung-Seen Choi*, Ik-Sik Kim
Keywords
Abstract
Blowout of NR and SBR vulcanizates was studied using a microwave oven. Rubber vulcanizates with different contents of carbon black (0, 30, 50, 70 phr) and various cure systems (conventional, semi-EV, and EV) were prepared. Unfilled rubber vulcanizates did not exploded by irradiation of microwave, while carbon black-filled ones exploded within 10 min. A blowout time of the carbon black-filled rubber vulcanizate decreases with an increase of the content of carbon black in the vulcanizate. A blowout temperature of the organic additive-extracted vulcanizate is higher than that of the not-extracted one, but the extracted vulcanizate blows out faster than the not-extracted one. A blowout temperature of the overcured vulcanizate is higher than that of the undercured one with the same cure system. Temperatures of unfilled SBR vulcanizates heated by the microwave irradiation are lower than those of unfilled NR ones. The carbon black-filled SBR vulcanizates blow out at higher temperatures than the carbon black-filled NR ones. Blowout times of the carbon black-filled SBR vulcanizates are longer than those of the carbon black-filled NR ones.
Page
174 - 178
Full Text
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