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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 19, Number 3
BKCSDE 19(3)
March 20, 1998 

Solvent Effects on the Solvolysis of 2-Aryl-1,1-dimethylethyl Bromides
Young-Ho Hwang, Sung-Hong Kim, Jong-Gi Gee, Soo-Dong Yoh*
Solvolysis rates of substituted 2-aryl-1,1-dimethylethyl bromides (1) were determined in a variety of solvents such as aqueous mixtures of ethanol, acetone, 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol, and also mixtures of ethanol and TFE at 25 ℃, 35 ℃, and 45 ℃. The solvent effects were analyzed in terms of Winstein-Grunwald equation. The solvent effects of 1-4-MeO failed to give a single linear correlation against either Y or YCl (YBr), but exhibited a wide split pattern which could not be related to the solvent nucleophilicity. On the other hand 1-4-CH3 and 1-H gave a fairly good linearity. In the case of 1-4-MeO, a fairly good linearity was observed against YΔ defined from the solvolysis of 4-methoxyneophyl tosylate. It is assumed that resonance interaction between reaction site and aryl-π-system operates to give charge delocalization regardless of the different solvolysis mechanisms. The Hammett-Brown treatment of the solvolytic rate constant of compounds 1 was obtained non-linear two separated lines of - 1.06 to - 1.46, suggesting of mechanistic changeover from kc-ks to kΔ on going from electron-withdrawing to electron-donating substituents as a basis of 4-CH3 group.
349 - 353
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