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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 20, Number 12
BKCSDE 20(12)
December 20, 1999 

Synthesis and Characterization of New Liquid Crystalline Fumarate and Maleate Monomers with Two Symmetrical Mesogens
Yang Kyoo Han, Kyung Min Kim
4-Hydroxy-4'-methoxyazobenzene and 4-hydroxy-4'-cyanoazobenzene were synthesized from phenol with p-anisidine and p-aminobenzonitrile through a diazotization reaction, respectively. They were reacted with 2-chloroethanol, 2-(2-chloroethoxy)ethanol, or 2-[2-(2-chloroethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol to produce six kinds of new mesogenic alcohols having an azobenzene group that is sensitive to the ultraviolet. Twelve kinds of new photoresponsive monomers with two symmetrical mesogens were prepared by the reaction of the mesogenic alcohols with fumaric acid or maleic acid through a Mitsunobu reaction. The resulting monomers have different length of flexible ethyleneoxy spacer tethered to azobenzene group. The length of the spacer affected their thermal stability, solubility, and phase transition temperature. Structures of the monomers were identified by FT-IR and 1H-NMR spectra. Their phase transition temperatures and thermal stability were also investigated by a differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and a thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). From an optical polarizing microscopy, all the prepared monomers except fumarate-1 and maleate-1 were found to show enantiotropic liquid crystallinity with a smectic texture like focal-conic, fan-shaped, and batonnet textures.
1421 - 1427
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